Recueil de textes issus du GRECIREA (réseau de chercheurs basé à l'Université Gaston Berger de Saint-Louis, Sénégal), cet ouvrage élabore un champ théorique dans le contexte de la pratique des cinémas documentaires qui émergent en Afrique depuis les années 2000 et la généralisation des outils numériques. Il s'agit du premier ouvrage associant des réflexions de cinéastes et une approche universitaire à propos d'un objet marqué du sceau d'enjeux esthétiques et politiques qui traversent tout le continent cinéma.
L'auteur élabore ici une description rigoureuse des situations de production, de diffusion et des pratiques spectatorielles, connectées ou non à des écrans multiples. Pour des cinémas qui n'ont connu ni l'avènement du parlant ni celui de la couleur, le numérique constitue le premier changement auquel ils font face sans y être vraiment préparés.
In this thesis, the ideas and concepts of Corporate Real Estate Management (CREM) are examined in terms of the contribution they could make to the process of accommodation decision by using recent cases in Dutch hospitals. CREM can be defined as the management of the real estate portfolio of a corporation by aligning the portfolio and services with the needs of the core business in order to obtain maximum added value for the business and an optimal contribution to the overall performance of the organisation. This definition assumes that accommodation can add value to the organisation and contribute to its overall achievement. Elaborating on the added value of real estate in addition to quantifying these added values and making them applicable to hospital real estate management is therefore central to this study.
The aim of this thesis is to provide an outline to address questions with regard to the transformation of planning in China that has occurred after the 1980s. The research is using "planning evolution" as the main research skeleton. The starting point is to investigate to what extent Chinese urban planning has developed after the opening up and other reforms under the state-led and market-driven modes of Chinese reformation, and to investigate how the different modes and various actors have influenced urban planning, based on the investigation of the respective political and economic changes within the initial reformation in general, and planning in particular.
Shanghai, like the other big cities along China´s coastline, has witnessed extraordinary growth in its economy and population with industrial development and rural-to-urban migration generating extensive urban expansion. Shanghai´s GDP growth rate has been over 10 per cent for more than 15 years. Its population in 2013 was estimated at 23.47 million, which is double its size in 1979. The urban area enlarged by four times from 644 to 2,860 km2 between 1977 and 2010. Such demanding growth and dramatic changes present big challenges for urban planning practice in Shanghai. Plans have not kept up with development and the mismatch between the proposals in plans and the actual spatial development has gradually increased, reaching a critical level since 2000. This issue of A+BE asks to what extent have spatial plans influenced the actual spatial development in the peri-urban areas of Shanghai by paying particular attention to the role of the Shanghai Master Plan 1999-2020 (Plan 1999).
This book argues that the floods following extreme precipitation result not only from very heavy rainfall but also from the significant impact of human activities on natural water systems. While most literature emphasises that the increasing magnitude of storm rainfall extends beyond the original protection standards of hydrologic facilities in highly populated delta cities. Based on the knowledge of urban morphology, this study analyses how human systems have affected the transformation of natural water processes in the Kaoping River Delta. The relationship between human environments and natural landscape is illustrated via a 3-layer analytical framework which consists of a natural landscape layer, an infrastructure layer and an occupation layer. This layer-based approach views landscapes as a whole system in which each element interacts with the others.
Courtyards have been used for thousands of years in different climates in the world. In hot climates they provide shading, in humid climates they cause a stack effect helping ventilation, in cold climates they break cold winds and protect their microclimate. In temperate climates (such as of the Netherlands), the thermal behaviour of courtyards has been studied less. In this dissertation, low-rise residential courtyard buildings were therefore studied among (and along) different urban block types in the Netherlands.
Dit proefschrift is de weerslag van het onderzoek naar stedenbouwkundige structuren van historische industriële complexen. Doel van het onderzoek was om herkenning en erkenning van deze structuren te bevorderen als dragers van cultuurhistorische waarden in ruimtelijke transformatie.
Industrieel erfgoed heeft naast objectwaarde ook ensemblewaarde. Het vakgebied van de Industriële Archeologie biedt als "studieterrein van de overblijfselen van de materiële cultuur van bedrijf en techniek" de mogelijkheid om kennis te ontsluiten van de inhoudelijke achtergronden van industriële stedenbouw. Omdat het thema van cultuurhistorische waarden in ruimtelijke plannen actueel is en de strategie van `behoud door ontwikkeling´ tot brede erkenning en toepassing heeft geleid, is in dit proefschrift de stedenbouwkundige kant van hergebruik en transformatie geconcretiseerd en geïnstrumenteerd.
Heritage-based design concerns the relationship between design approaches and the cultural heritage essence of a monument. How to approach a design? How to get a grip on a site? How can a designer incorporate existing qualities of the heritage in the design? Chapter 1 describes the trends in the Netherlands, a development which has led to heritage policy becoming increasingly linked to spatial planning and development issues, and resulting in the fast growing importance of design for heritage. Chapter 2 focuses on the cultural heritage value - and in particular on the question of how a designer can achieve a translation of the cultural heritage essence of a site into concrete design principles. Chapter 3 shows how a designer can take a position by relating to the cultural heritage value and by subsequently reinterpreting this in his own way.
Flowscapes explores concepts, methods and techniques for design-related research on landscape infrastructures. Their main objective is to engage environmental and societal issues by means of integrative and design oriented approaches. Through focusing on interdisciplinary design-related research of landscape infrastructures they provide important clues for the development of spatial armatures that can guide urban and rural development and have cultural and civic significance. The geographical context of the papers covers Europe, Africa, Asia and Northern America.