Hedda Gabler est une des cinq dernières pièces d'Ibsen. Écrite à Munich en 1890, peu de temps avant le retour définitif de l'auteur en Norvège, elle fut aussitôt traduite et publiée en plusieurs langues et montée, d'abord à Munich au début de 1891, puis à Londres et à Paris à la fin de l'année. Ibsen y a rompu avec les aspects symboliques ou mystiques de pièces comme Rosmersholm : "J'ai essayé de décrire des êtres humains aussi exactement que possible, de façon aussi détaillée que possible, rien d'autre [...] ; on trouvera peut-être quelque chose de révolutionnaire dans ce drame mais c'est une chose qui demeure à l'arrière-plan."
La pièce a séduit bien des metteurs en scène ; il suffit de citer ici Lugné-Poe, Georges Pitoëff et Raymond Rouleau.
Altier et énigmatique, le personnage de Hedda a aussi tenté bon nombre de comédiennes, comme Marguerite Jamois, Ingrid Bergman et Delphine Seyrig (à la télévision) ; il reste un des grands rôles et une des grandes et sombres destinées du théâtre d'Ibsen.
En Norvège, dans 'une maison confortable et de bon goût', une famille se prépare à fêter Noël. Mais le douillet et rassurant cocon se fissure quand le secret de Nora, la jeune et joyeuse épouse, menace soudain d'être dévoilé à son mari. Dès lors, toute allégresse recule, et les enfants aux joues rouges s'effacent devant des personnages qui surgissent tour à tour amie de jeunesse, médecin, créancier , semant le doute et l'inquiétude. En ébranlant ainsi la certitude lisse de son héroïne qui pensait avoir toujours agi comme elle le devait, Ibsen crée l'une des grandes figures du théâtre nordique, dont on continue d'interroger la volte-face et la destinée.
Dans une mise en scène de Jean-François Sivadier : du 7 au 15 mars à la MC2 Grenoble, du 10 mai au 15 juin au théâtre de l'Odéon (Paris).
Les frères Tomas et Peter Stockmann se ressemblent comme le jour à la nuit. Ensemble, ils ont pourtant fondé l'"établissement des bains" d'une petite ville portuaire du sud de la Norvège. Tomas, médecin intègre, mesure la qualité des eaux. En tant que maire, Peter compte sur la prospérité de la station thermale pour asseoir son pouvoir. Quand les eaux s'avèrent contaminées par la tannerie locale, les masques tombent. Le médecin croit devoir la vérité au peuple quand le politicien ne songe qu'à défendre ses intérêts. Le socle d'une pure tragédie ? Henrik Ibsen maintient sa fable sur une crête plus ambigüe. Autour de la fratrie déchirée, les citoyens papillonnent, hésitent et bifurquent jusqu'à la bouffonnerie. Quant à nous, c'est entre la consternation et le rire franc que nous balançons.
Gregers Werle, homme idéaliste, revient dans sa ville natale après un long exil, et se trouve mêlé aux affaires d'une étrange famille, causant des résultats désastreux. Les secrets qui se cachent derrière la façade du foyer apparemment heureux des Ekdal se dévoilent peu à peu à lui...
Après l'incendie de sa maison et la mort de ses enfants, le constructeur Solness va-t-il être capable de revivre grâce à la jeunesse qui frappe à sa porte, comme un rêve? ...
4 hommes, 3 femmes / durée : 3 h
In these three unforgettably intense plays, Henrik Ibsen explores the problems of personal and social morality that he perceived in the world around him and, in particular, the complex nature of truth. The Pillars of the Community (1877) depicts a corrupt shipowner's struggle to hide the sins of his past at the expense of another man's reputation, while in The Wild Duck (1884) an idealist, believing he must tell the truth at any cost, destroys a family by exposing the lie behind his friend's marriage. And Hedda Gabler (1890) portrays an unhappily married woman who is unable to break free from the conventional life she has created for herself, with tragic results for the entire family.
The four plays in this volume, written late in Ibsen's career as a dramatist, move away from his earlier preoccupation with people at odds with society to instead explore the inward struggle with their own thoughts, feelings and dreams. The Master Builder (1892) depicts a powerful man whose illusions collapse in the face of a young woman's courageous common sense. In Rosmersholm (1886), an idealist is forced to question his beliefs and confront terrible truths about the past, while Little Eyolf (1894) portrays a man's self-deception, which brings both tragic repercussions for his family and new hope for their future. And in John Gabriel Borkman (1896), a dying woman returns to reclaim the affections and loyalty of her nephew, resulting in a bitter struggle with her sister.
The NHB Drama Classics series presents the world's greatest plays in affordable, highly readable editions for students, actors and theatregoers. The hallmarks of the series are accessible introductions (focussing on the play's theatrical and historical background, together with an author biography, key dates and suggestions for further reading) and the complete text, uncluttered with footnotes. The translations, by leading experts in the field, are accurate and above all actable. The editions of English-language plays include a glossary of unusual words and phrases to aid understanding. Peer Gynt, Ibsen's mighty epic, is by turns fantastic and tragic. Despite Peer's quest for absolute purity he repeatedly falls for the fleshy temptations of compromise, as he swaggers and seduces his way from the fjords of Norway to the deserts of Africa and back. Translated and introduced by Kenneth McLeish.
A new Penguin edition of Ibsen's two great verse plays, in masterful versions by one of our greatest living poets, Geoffrey Hill. These two powerful and contrasting verse dramas by Ibsen made his reputation as a playwright. The fantastical adventures of the irrepressible Peer Gynt - poet, idler, procrastinator, seducer - draw on Norwegian folklore to conjure up mountains, kidnappings, shipwrecks and trolls in an exuberant examination of truth and the self; while Brand, an unsparing vision of an idealistic priest who lives by his steely faith, explores free will and sacrifice. This volume brings together the poet Geoffrey Hill's acclaimed stage version of Brand with a new poetic rendering of Peer Gynt, published for the first time.This Penguin edition includes an interview with Geoffrey Hill about recreating Ibsen in English, an introduction by Janet Garton and editorial materials by Tore Rem.
Henrik Ibsen, l'un des dramaturges les plus importants du 19e siècle, aborde ici le thème de la passion amoureuse et nous rappelle que le mariage par amour est une pratique récente qui fait opposition aux mariages arrangés selon des conventions à la fois sociales et financières. À sa sortie, cet ouvrage au contenu fort critique sur la société de son époque fut jugé immoral, suscitant un scandale qui poussa l'auteur à s'exiler.
In Henrik Ibsen's play "Little Eyolf" we meet Alfred Allmer and his wife Rita, whose marriage and relationship has been strained ever since their son, Eyolf, fell from a table as an infant and became lame. Alfred has been burying himself in work, writing his philosophical thesis on 'human responsibility'. Meanwhile, Rita still feels a lot of desire towards Alfred and is jealous of everyone who comes near him. But when little Eyolf is lured away by the Rat-Wife and drowns in a lake, the couple must learn how to be husband and wife all over again.
This carefully crafted ebook: "The Best of Henrik Ibsen: A Doll's House + Hedda Gabler + Ghosts + An Enemy of the People + The Wild Duck + Peer Gynt (Illustrated)" contains 6 books in one volume and is formatted for your eReader with a functional and detailed table of contents.
1. A Doll's House is a three-act play in prose by Henrik Ibsen. It premiered at the Royal Theatre in Copenhagen, Denmark in 1879. The play is significant for its critical attitude toward 19th century marriage norms. It aroused great controversy at the time, as it concludes with the protagonist, Nora, leaving her husband and children because she wants to discover herself.
2. Hedda Gabler is a play published in 1890. It premiered in 1891 in Germany and gained recognition as a classic of realism, nineteenth century theatre, and world drama. Hedda may be portrayed as an idealistic heroine fighting society, a victim of circumstance, a prototypical feminist, or a manipulative villain.
3. Ghosts is a play written in 1881 and first staged in 1882. Like many of Ibsen's better-known plays, Ghosts is a scathing commentary on 19th-century morality. Ghosts had challenged the hypocrisy of Victorian morality and was deemed indecent for its veiled references to syphilis.
4. An Enemy of the people is an 1882 play originally written in Danish in response to the public outcry against his play Ghosts, which at that time was considered scandalous.
5. The Wild Duck (1884), in a sense, solved Ibsen's own moral dilemma as he struggled between a militant idealism (as in Enemy of the People) and his own worldly temperament. With a pragmatic, anti-romantic viewpoint, this drama presents a continuum between the opposing values of the Ideal and the Real.
6. Peer Gynt is a five-act play in verse, based on the fairy tale Per Gynt. Written in the Dano-Norwegian language, it was first published in 1867. In Peer Gynt, Ibsen satirized the weaknesses of the Norwegian people, incorporating them into the character of Peer.
Henrik Johan Ibsen (1828 - 1906) was a major 19th-century Norwegian playwright, theatre director, and poet. He is often referred to as "the father of realism" and is one of the founders of Modernism in theatre. His major works include Brand, Peer Gynt, An Enemy of the People, Emperor and Galilean, A Doll's House, Hedda Gabler, Ghosts, The Wild Duck, Rosmersholm, and The Master Builder.
Master Builder Halvard Solness is an ageing architect who has not achieved what he wanted, neither in art nor in love. He fears and bullies his juniors, and thinks he is going mad. His wife and mistress try to care for him as best they can, without themselves getting hurt in return. The situation is further fraught by the arrival of young and seductive Hilda Wangel, who also plays a part in Ibsen's previous drama "The Lady from the Sea."
Rosmer, ancien pasteur, est éprouvé par le suicide de sa femme. Son beau-frère lui fait rencontrer Rebekka, dont Rosmer tombe amoureux. Il découvre pourtant qu'elle est à l'origine de ce décès tragique afin de pouvoir vivre au manoir de Rosmersholm.
Personnages : 2 femmes, 4 hommes / durée : 2 h.
Une nouvelle traduction qui met en valeur l'écriture d'Ibsen dans sa plus célèbre pièce, où Nora, femme mariée, se retrouve acculée à quitter son mari et son foyer. Fuite ou acte enfin libératoire ?
Personnages : 4 femmes, 4 hommes et 3 enfants (rôles muets) / durée : 1 h 45.
Hedda Gabler returns, dissatisfied, from a long honeymoon. Bored by her aspiring academic husband, she foresees a life of tedious convention. And so, aided and abetted by her predatory confidante, Judge Brack, she begins to manipulate the fates of those around her to devastating effect. Brian Friel's version of Ibsen's Hedda Gabler premiered at the Gate Theatre, Dublin, in September 2008, to celebrate the theatre's birthday, eighty years after the Gate's inaugural production of Ibsen's Peer Gynt.
Mrs Alving is preparing for the opening of an orphanage, built in memory of her late husband. Her beloved artist son Oswald has returned from Paris to honour the occasion. But his long awaited homecoming rapidly descends into tragedy as his presence triggers the exposure of a dark story of hypocrisy and betrayed love.Henrik Ibsen's Ghosts, in this vital new version by Frank McGuinness, premiered at the Duchess Theatre, London, in February 2010.
John Gabriel Borkman, wealthy, powerful, revered, sacrificed love for success and was handsomely rewarded. Now, disgraced and destitute after financial scandal and a jail sentence, he paces out each day alone, planning his comeback. Downstairs, his wife, Gunhild, lives a parallel existence, plotting for their son to restore the family's reputation. But with the arrival of Gunhild's twin sister Ella, the woman whose love Borkman gave away, the claustrophobic stasis is shattered once and for all.
Ellida, claustrophobic and restless, swims in the sea every day. She loves her husband Dr Wangel but, ten years ago, promised herself to another man. On a late summer's day he comes to claim her.Henrik Ibsen's elusive masterpiece The Lady from the Sea, in a translation by Stephen Unwin, premiered at the Rose Theatre, Kingston, in February 2012.
Ibsen's greatest late plays in superb modern translations, part of the new Penguin Ibsen series. This volume includes The Master Builder, Little Eyolf, John Gabriel Borkman and When We Dead Awaken - Ibsen's last four plays, written in his old age in Oslo. In The Master Builder, a married, middle-aged architect becomes bewitched by a strange young woman who claims to have known him for years. A sudden death in Little Eyolf is the catalyst that drives a couple into a greater understanding of themselves. In John Gabriel Borkman, a banker recently released from prison must choose between his wife and her sister, while a sculptor on holiday is reunited with the woman who inspired his greatest art in When We Dead Awaken. The new Penguin series of Ibsen's major plays offer the best available editions in English, under the general editorship of Tore Rem. All the plays have been freshly translated by leading translators and are based on the definitive Norwegian edition of Ibsen's works. This volume includes an introduction by Toril Moi on the themes of death and human limitation in the plays, and additional editorial apparatus by Tore Rem. Henrik Ibsen (1828-1906) is often called 'the Father of Modern Drama'. Born in the small Norwegian town of Skien, he left Norway in 1864 for a twenty-one-year long voluntary exile in Italy and Germany. After successes with the verse dramas Brand and Peer Gynt, he turned to prose, writing his great twelve-play cycle of society dramas between 1877 and 1899. This included The Pillars of Society, A Doll's House, Ghosts, An Enemy of the People, The Wild Duck, Rosmersholm, The Lady from the Sea, Hedda Gabler, The Master Builder, Little Eyolf, John Gabriel Borkman, and, finally, When We Dead Awaken. Ibsen returned to Norway in 1891 and died there at the age of seventy-eight. Barbara J. Haveland and Anne-Marie Stanton-Ife are both freelance literary translators. Toril Moi is Professor of English, Theater Studies and Philosophy at Duke University. Her books include Henrik Ibsen and the Birth of Modernism (2006). Tore Rem is Professor of British literature at the University of Oslo and author of Henry Gibson/Henrik Ibsen (2006).
When Dr. Stockmann discovers that the waters of a new public spa are toxic, he expects gratitude and glory. Instead, his revelation makes him the most hated man in town.Henrik Ibsen's timeless story of corruption, pollution and courage opened in David Harrower's powerful new version at the Young Vic, London, in May 2013.
Power. Money. Morality. In a tight knit community a shocking discovery comes to light and threatens the lifeblood of the town. Truth and honour are pitched against wild ambition and corruption in Ibsen's emotional maelstrom.Rebecca Lenkiewicz's version of Ibsen's An Enemy of the People premiered at the Arcola Theatre, London in April 2008.