Is international law universal? Can it be anything else than the will of the actors who are able to impose on others their values and interests? These are some of the questions that underlie this book, which, following a critical approach, emphasizes the profound ambivalence of international law.
Olivier Corten, François Dubuisson, Vaios Koutroulis, Anne Lagerwall, Christopher Sutcliffe (translator)
What happens when the European Union sets new rules for the provision of cross-border healthcare services that once were conceived for the population living on the national territory ?
This books presents how new rules on the provision of cross-border healthcare in the European Union have the potential of destabilizing national welfare boundaries.
A book of political science that takes Austria, a prototypical Bismarckian healthcare system, as an example, and aims at answering questions by looking at how actors navigate between national institutional constraints and European opportunities.
More than 30 years ago, the social security systems of OECD states were diagnosed to be in crisis. This crisis heralded in the end of the "Golden Age" of the national welfare state. The European OECD states, which were also part of the European Community, all witnessed rising unemployment in the wake of the oil crises, and as a result of economic openness to world markets and rising competition of labor costs, Keynesian economic policies of deficit spending became unavailable as an option to revive the economy. Not only did external processes of globalization demand adaptations of the welfare states, but also internal factors such as the rising age of populations and the change of family patterns questioned whether European welfare states were still capable of delivering for national populations, and how classical branches of the welfare state such as unemployment insurance, pension systems and healthcare systems should be adapted to meet these new challenges (Esping-Andersen, 1996). Along with this crisis diagnosis of the welfare state in general, healthcare systems have become the center of governments' attention since the 1980s, as spending on health policies has increased while the number people contributing to the social security schemes has decreased due to rising unemployment and slow economic growth. Insofar, healthcare mirrors the challenges that welfare states face in general.
During the 2000s, the European Union has witnessed a significant change in terms of integration policies for immigrants.
This book intends to address the relationship between, on the one hand, cultural diversity resulting from migration, and, on the other hand, social cohesion and social justice within Western societies. In order to do this, the authors examine what can be described as two contradictory trends in recent public policies towards foreign people or people with a foreign origin.
A book that aims to provide a trans-disciplinary analysis of the construction of "otherness" in North America and Europe.
In October 2010, in a very polemic context on immigration and immigrant integration, the German Chancellor, Angela Merkel, announced that Germany was to be considered a multicultural failure, words that were soon echoed by the Belgian Prime Minister Yves Leterme. A few months later, the British Prime Minister David Cameron and the French President Nicolas Sarkozy announced the failure of multiculturalism in almost identical terms. These sensational statements, which by and large avoid defining the concept of multiculturalism, are based on a reaffirmation of "Western values" and strengthening of national identity. These statements express the need to review the policies on integration of immigrants, in the sense that they should be more active and voluntarist, more organized by the state and more supported by the EU. In the background, one can see fear for Islamic extremism, but also the idea that the nation states can put some obligations on immigrants, and that for a too long time we have been focusing on "those who arrive", rather than on "the society that welcomes them". These speeches are situated in a politico-legal context that in recent years was characterized by an ambivalent attitude towards diversity in Europe. On the one hand, we have seen accusations of racial, ethnic and religious discrimination, based on antidiscrimination legislation boosted by a strong European equality legal framework. On the other hand, we have seen denouncements of the perceived risk posed by Islam in Europe. These policy statements are also a result of numerous publications, often widely discussed in the media that outline the dangers of Islam in Europe (especially in the Netherlands). These political positions have also led to political decisions demonstrating the lack of legitimacy of Islam in Europe, such as the ban on building minarets in Switzerland or the Burqa bans adopted in the name of protecting national values and the "living together", notably in France and Belgium (2011).
Discover the various scientific debates that Mario Telò has been involved.
This edited volume, which has been drafted in honour of Professor Telò's research career, offers the reader an overview of the various scientific debates that he has been involved in throughout his distinguished career. The aim was to highlight, contextualise and build on his most innovative contributions to each of these debates.
This book revolves around four thematic areas, each of which brings together a number of contributions that offer timely reflections on a given question or challenge covered by Professor Telò's research.
We wanted to have a personality of international calibre, espousing different political systems across the world. But we also wanted to bring a good teacher into the fold filling students with enthusiasm, able to lead them to develop their study projects, to establish their vocation as researchers and even to train personalities active in every day life, in fact to promote a European conscientiousness.
We know that Mario Telò has perfectly fulfilled these many wishes, in particular through his commitments towards his colleagues as well as his very active role as member and President of the Institut d'études européennes - Institute of European Studies (IEE-ULB), but also through the support that he has given numerous researchers who have completed brilliant doctoral theses under his supervision.
It is difficult to pay him tribute, however, as Mario Telò has engaged in and still engages in multiple and international academic activities. We have lost count of the number of foreign invitations that have been extended to him as well as his numerous speeches to defend and to explain the need for a European area.
Mario Telò knows better than anyone that European values still need to be defended, that European studies cover several aspects, not just the political integration process in Europe but also the analysis of the behaviour of actors, decision-makers and citizens.
We know that the `EU acquis' is often temporary and several times the work has to be redone, as the difficulties of functioning with twenty-eight member states, and soon to be twenty-seven member states, show. The European Union does not always respond to the democratic deficit, the political integration approach needs to show the usefulness and expected benefits of European cooperation essential to its existence in a very tense global context.
The energy of Mario Telò, his creativity, his international engagement, his academic openness will always be essential to the ULB. A member of the Académie Royale de Belgique [Royal Academy of Belgium], in the Classe des Lettres et des Sciences morales et politiques [section of letters and moral and political sciences], Mario Telò will always find the opportunity to express his analyses and proposals to get through the currently very troubled time of Europe's and the world's evolution.
What are the main trends in contemporary political science research?
This book examines recent developments in political science research. What are the new influences to which the discipline opens itself up? Is political science research converging towards a single model or splitting into different streams? What are the new challenges at the beginning of the 21st century?
This collection of essays discusses three interrelated topics: the relationship between political science and the problems of politics, the relationship between political science and other fields of research, and the transformation of the profession.
The past, the present and the future of political science have always been a topic of inquiry for political scientists. This collection of essays is not the first to explore the evolution of the discipline. Since its inception, scholars of politics of all persuasions have (re)produced the story of the field as a discipline and as a profession (Farr et al. 1990: 598; Blondiaux 1997: 10; Gunnell 2002: 339; Dryzek 2002; 2006). They have explored the discipline's relation with its social and political environment, they have questioned its epistemological and ontological specificities, and more recently they have documented its professional standards, codes, and practices. As the discipline expands in different parts of the world, the attention devoted to its evolution and development has increased. Political science is a recognized object of study and "state of the discipline" studies are flourishing.
This book seeks to contribute to these recent debates about the evolution of the discipline by exploring three interrelated themes, namely (1) the discipline's co-evolution with politics, (2) its changing relations with sister disciplines, (3) and the transformation of its practices for knowledge production and dissemination. We argue in this volume that these topics are fundamental, as they directly address the core identity of political science.
ABOUT THIS BOOK
There is very little literature on academic journals and how they function or what they achieve and Political Science in Motion is to be welcomed as a step towards filling that gap. It is well-edited, as is evident from the cross-references between chapters. It answers some of the questions that one might want to ask, while others remain unanswered" - Wyn Grant, The London School of Economics and Political Science, Review of books