• En 1878, Williams James s'était engagé à écrire un manuel de psychologie. Après la publication de deux gros volumes, James entreprend d'en rédiger un résumé plus accessible. Il parut aux Etats-Unis en 1892. Conçu pour des élèves, tout ce qui a trait à l'histoire, à l'examen critique des doctrines, aux discussions métaphysiques fut supprimé.

  • La rhétorique du grand conférencier qu'était James donne à cet essai inédit en français l'élan d'une charge. Il bat en brèche deux pans d'un même esprit scientiste et matérialiste contre lequel il s'agit de se prémunir : car celui-ci empêche de concevoir une immortalité de l'esprit qui n'a pourtant rien d'impossible aux yeux de l'auteur. S'appuyant sur la psychophysiologie et sur les recherches psychiques et médiumniques de la fin du XIXe siècle, De l'immortalité humaine (1898) permet de comprendre en profondeur la méthode pragmatiste et l'empirisme radical, offrant des arguments encore puissants contre un réductionnisme qui n'a fait que s'accroître depuis, au sein des neurosciences notamment.
    Édition de Jim Gabaret

  • La théorie de Williams James (1842-1910) sur l'émotion est une des plus curieuses qui ait été formulée en philosophie et en psychologie. Pour James, l'émotion est l'effet, et non la cause, de son expression organique. Cette théorie, n'est pourtant pas aussi paradoxale qu'elle le semble. Prenons l'exemple de l'émotion de la peur : on ne tremble pas parce qu'on a peur mais c'est parce qu'on tremble que l'on a peur. L'ouvrage rassemble les différents articles de James sur l'émotion.

  • Pourquoi l'homme est plus intelligent que les animaux ? Le thème de l'intelligence fut traité par William James (1842-1910) au tout début de sa carrière de philosophe et de psychologue. Il publie en 1878 un article dont l'objectif est de s'interroger sur la caractéristique intellectuelle de l'homme et de la comparer à celle des animaux. L'ouvrage rassemble pour la première fois la traduction française de l'article original de James sur l'intelligence et le chapitre sur le raisonnement des "Principles of Psychology" (1890).

  • William James est une figure centrale de la psychologie. C'est dans son ouvrage Principles of psychology (1890) qu'il va exprimer les idées les plus novatrices. L'ouvrage proposé ici concerne les thèmes de l'habitude et de la mémoire, traités chez James d'un point de vue psycho-physiologique. La thèse sur l'habitude est de considérer celle-ci du point de vue physiologique comme un chemin familier et bien frayé que suivent facilement les excitations nerveuses.

  • Les quinze conférences prononcées par W. James devant de futurs enseignants traitent librement de questions pédagogiques aussi diverses que celles de l'éducation de la volonté, de la formation des habitudes, de la mémoire, de l'acquisition des idées et de l'intérêt, etc. Si librement d'ailleurs qu'il se voit conduit à trois paradoxes :
    - invité en tant que psychologue célèbre, il marquera surtout les limites de sa discipline et en démasquera les abus ;
    - fondateur de la théorie des comportements, il défendra avec vigueur la conception la plus humaniste de l'unité de la conscience ;
    - réputé utilitariste, il affirmera la liberté individuelle la plus réfractaire au conformisme.
    Eduquer ne consiste pas seulement à créer dans l'enfant de "bonnes" association et à détruire les "mauvaises", mais à stimuler le dynamisme associatif. L'avenir est à venir ; il serait criminel d'inculquer mécaniquement des stéréotypes comportementaux.
    Le plus anglo-saxon des psychologues oppose, avec Bergson, à la pédégogie "close" qui se réclame encore trop souvent de lui, une pédagogie "ouverte" vers la liberté.

  • The Varieties of Religious Experience is certainly the most notable of all books in the field of the psychology of religion and probably destined to be the most influential [one] written on religion in the twentieth century' said Walter Houston Clark in Psychology Today. The book was an immediate bestseller upon its publication in June 1902. Reflecting the pluralistic views of psychologist-turned-philosopher William James, it posits that individual religious experiences, rather than the tenets of organized religions, form the backbone of religious life. James's discussion of conversion, repentance, mysticism, and hopes of reward and fears of punishment in the hereafter--as well as his observations on the religious experiences of such diverse thinkers as Voltaire, Whitman, Emerson, Luther, Tolstoy, and others--all support his thesis. 'James' characteristic humor, his ability to put down the pretentious and to be unpretentious, and his willingness to take some risks in his choices of anecdotal data or provocative theories are all apparent in the book,' noted Professor Martin E. Marry. 'A reader will come away with more reasons to raise new questions than to feel that old ones have been resolved.'

  • What Pragmatism Means

    William James

    Based on the work of William James on Pragmatism Method, this book deals with the question : What Pragmatism Means? "The pragmatic method is primarily a method of settling metaphysical disputes that otherwise might be interminable. Is the world one or many? - fated or free? - material or spiritual? - here are notions either of which may or may not hold good of the world; and disputes over such notions are unending. The pragmatic method is to try to interpret each notion by tracing its respective practical consequences. What difference would it practically make to any one if this notion rather than that one were true? If no practical difference whatever can be traced, then the alternatives mean practically the same thing, and all dispute is idle. Whenever a dispute is serious, we ought to be able to show some practical difference that must follow from one side or the other's being right..."

  • « C'est en juin 1902 que parut pour la première fois, à New-York, l'ouvrage de l'illustre professeur de l'Université Harvard, intitulé The varieties of religions experience ; et aujourd'hui il en est peu qui soient plus répandus et lus plus avidement dans le monde entier. Tandis que les savants y goûtent une érudition étendue et sagace mise au service d'une philosophie vigoureuse et originale, les gens du monde, les consciences passionnées de vie intérieure, les femmes, y cherchent des lumières et des forces pour réaliser, en accord avec les idées modernes, l'idéal religieux. Il était à souhaiter qu'un ouvrage aussi universellement apprécié fût mis, chez nous-mêmes, à la portée de tous ; et c'est ce qui a lieu aujourd'hui grâce à la traduction très pénétrante, très vivante, ingénieusement exacte dans sa libre allure, qu'en donne M. Frank Abauzit. » (Extrait de la préface d'Émile Boutroux.)

  • "We are making use of only a small part of our possible mental and physical resources. In some persons this sense of being cut off from their rightful resources is extreme, and we then get the formidable neurasthenic and psychasthenic conditions, with life grown into one tissue of impossibilities, that the medical books describe. Part of the imperfect vitality under which we labor can be explained by scientific psychology. It is the result of the inhibition exerted by one part of our ideas on other parts. Conscience makes cowards of us all... The existence of reservoirs of energy that habitually are not tapped is most familiar to us in the phenomenon of 'second wind.' Ordinarily we stop when we meet the first effective layer, so to call it, of fatigue. We have then walked, played, or worked 'enough', and desist. That amount of fatigue is an efficacious obstruction, on this side of which our usual life is cast. But if an unusual necessity forces us to press onward, a surprising thing occurs. The fatigue gets worse up to a certain critical point, when gradually or suddenly it passes away, and we are fresher than before..."
    This book based on the work of James William, is published in the collection: "History of Scientific Knowledge."



  • "What are the causes that make communities change from generation to generation, - that make the England of Queen Anne so different from the England of Elizabeth, the Harvard College of today so different from that of thirty years ago?


    I shall reply to this problem. The difference is due to the accumulated influences of individuals, of their examples, their initiatives, and their decisions..."
    Great Men, Great Thoughts, and the Environment.

  • C'est dans cet ouvrage classique que William James (1842-1910) affirme sa célèbre théorie selon laquelle l'émotion ne serait "rien autre que la sensation des effets corporels réflexes de ce que nous appelons son objet" : grossièrement, nous sommes tristes parce que nous pleurons, et non parce que nous sommes envahis par une immense affliction. Cette tentative de donner corps, littéralement, aux vécus psychiques, a été contestée par différents mouvements neuropsychologiques, mais trouve aussi des partisans parmi certains psychophysiologistes actuels.

  • Extrait de nos vies II est une oeuvre qui aborde, dans la continuité du premier volet de la saga, une multitude de thèmes : La Tristesse et L´espoir, Les ténèbres et la Lumière, l´humour et l´amour, les mythes et la réalité ou encore le naturel et le surnaturel.
    L´auteur charmera une fois de plus les lecteurs avec un style poétique qui lui est propre.

  • An essential collection of William Faulkner's mature nonfiction work, updated, with an abundance of new material.
    This unique volume includes Faulkner's Nobel Prize acceptance speech, a review of Hemingway's The Old Man and the Sea (in which he suggests that Hemingway has found God), and newly collected gems, such as the acerbic essay "On Criticism" and the beguiling "Note on A Fable." It also contains eloquently opinionated public letters on everything from race relations and the nature of fiction to wild-squirrel hunting on his property. This is the most comprehensive collection of Faulkner's brilliant non-fiction work, and a rare look into the life of an American master.

  • William James's strong beliefs in a pragmatic theory of truth - that truth is only as relevant as its effect on us - lead to these absorbing essays on fact and belief. Within them is a fascinating theory of reality that suggests nothing is truly 'real' without examination through human empathy and experience.

    Throughout history, some books have changed the world. They have transformed the way we see ourselves - and each other. They have inspired debate, dissent, war and revolution. They have enlightened, outraged, provoked and comforted. They have enriched lives - and destroyed them. Now Penguin brings you the works of the great thinkers, pioneers, radicals and visionaries whose ideas shook civilization and helped make us who we are.

  • The writings of William James represent one of America's most original contributions to the history of ideas. Ranging from philosophy and psychology to religion and politics, James composed the most engaging formulation of American pragmatism. 'Pragmatism' grew out of a set of lectures and the full text is included here along with 'The Meaning of Truth', 'Psychology', 'The Will to Believe', and 'Talks to Teachers on Psychology'.

  • By their fruits ye shall know them, not by their roots.' The Varieties of Religious Experience (1902) is William James's classic survey of religious belief in its most personal, and often its most heterodox, aspects. Asking questions such as how we define evil to ourselves, the difference between a healthy and a divided mind, the value of saintly behaviour, and what animates and characterizes the mental landscape of sudden conversion, James's masterpiece stands at a unique moment in the relationship between belief and culture. Faith in institutional religion and dogmatic theology was fading away, and the search for an authentic religion rooted in personality and subjectivity was a project conducted as an urgent necessity. With psychological insight, philosophical rigour, and a determination not to jump to the conclusion that in tracing religion's mental causes we necessarily diminish its truth or value, in the Varieties James wrote a truly foundational text for modern belief.

    Matthew Bradley's wide-ranging new edition examines the ideas that continue to fuel modern debates on atheism and faith.
    ABOUT THE SERIES: For over 100 years Oxford World's Classics has made available the widest range of literature from around the globe. Each affordable volume reflects Oxford's commitment to scholarship, providing the most accurate text plus a wealth of other valuable features, including expert introductions by leading authorities, helpful notes to clarify the text, up-to-date bibliographies for further study, and much more.

  • This practical book is written specifically for junior doctors by a team of highly experienced authors, as an introductory guide to clinical research. It covers all areas that a junior doctor needs to consider, including funding, study design, ethics, data analysis, disseminating findings, and furthering one's research career. It presents a balance view of clinical research and is written by authors actively involved in clinical research both at the 'coal-face' and at a more supervisory level.

    Research can be a difficult process and it is essential to make sure that the project is set up in the correct way in order to get verifiable results. This easy-to-read guide is available to help junior doctors develop a good study design and present evidence of a sound academic practice, which will make obtaining funding more likely and be time-efficient. Getting started early in research and developing a solid, gradual understanding of clinical research through using this approachable book will be of huge benefit to junior doctors and their discipline.

  • By their fruits ye shall know them, not by their roots.' The Varieties of Religious Experience (1902) is William James's classic survey of religious belief in its most personal, and often its most heterodox, aspects. Asking questions such as how we define evil to ourselves, the difference between a healthy and a divided mind, the value of saintly behaviour, and what animates and characterizes the mental landscape of sudden conversion, James's masterpiece stands at a unique moment in the relationship between belief and culture. Faith in institutional religion and dogmatic theology was fading away, and the search for an authentic religion rooted in personality and subjectivity was a project conducted as an urgent necessity. With psychological insight, philosophical rigour, and a determination not to jump to the conclusion that in tracing religion's mental causes we necessarily diminish its truth or value, in the Varieties James wrote a truly foundational text for modern belief.

    Matthew Bradley's wide-ranging new edition examines the ideas that continue to fuel modern debates on atheism and faith.
    ABOUT THE SERIES: For over 100 years Oxford World's Classics has made available the widest range of literature from around the globe. Each affordable volume reflects Oxford's commitment to scholarship, providing the most accurate text plus a wealth of other valuable features, including expert introductions by leading authorities, helpful notes to clarify the text, up-to-date bibliographies for further study, and much more.

  • Today, many in western society find themselves seeking more satisfying spiritual lives. Faiths formerly seen as exotic have suddenly become attractive alternatives in our multicultural society. This is especially true of Buddhism, which is the focus of constant media attention, thanks in part to celebrity converts, major motion pictures, and the popularity of the Dalai Lama. Following this recent trend, James Coleman argues that a new and radically different form of this ancient faith is emerging.
    Investigating the contemporary scene, Coleman finds that Western teachers have borrowed liberally from different Buddhist traditions that have had little interaction with each other in Asia, that men and women practice together as equals, and that the path of meditation and spiritual practice is offered to everyone, not just an elite cadre of monks. Drawing on interviews with noted teachers and lay practitioners, as well as a survey completed by members of seven North American Buddhist centers, Coleman depicts the colorful variety of new Buddhists today, from dilettantes to devoted students and the dedicated teachers who guide their spiritual progress. He also details the problems that have arisen ,especially with regard to gender roles, sex, and power.
    Exploring the appeal of this exotic faith in postmodern society and questioning its future in a global consumer culture, The New Buddhism provides a thorough and fascinating guide to Western Buddhism today.

  • As the first decade of the 21st century winds down we have seen a sea change in society's attitudes toward finance. The 1990s can best be described as the decade of shareholder supremacy, with each firm trying to outdo the other in their allegiance to shareholder value creation, or as it came to be known, Value-Based Management (VBM). No one seemed to question this culture as the rising firm valuations translated into vast wealth creation for so many.

    Three significant economic events have reshaped how the public feels about an unbridled devotion to VBM and have defined the last decade: the dot.com bubble in 2000, the infamous accounting scandals of 2001, and the collapse of the credit markets in 2007-2008. In all three of these events the CEOs were portrayed as reckless and greedy and Wall Street went from an object of admiration to an object of scorn.

    The first edition of this book, Value Based Management: The Corporate Response to the Shareholder Revolution was written to help explain the underpinnings of Value-Based Management. At the time of its publication, few questioned whether the concept was the proper thing to do. Instead, the debate was focused on how to implement a VBM program. With this new second edition, the authors look at VBM after having seen it through good times and bad. It is not their intent to play the blame game or point fingers. Nor is it their intent to provide an impassioned defense of VBM. Instead they provide an academic appraisal of VBM, where is has been, where it is now, and where they see it going.

  • A vital, illuminating collection of the Pulitzer Prize and National Book Award winner’s elegant, passionately engaged nonfiction My Generation is the definitive gathering of William Styron’s nonfiction, exposing the core of this greatly gifted, highly convivial, and profoundly serious artist from his literary emergence in the 1950s to his death in 2006. Here are fifty years of Styron’s essays, memoirs, reviews, op-eds, articles, eulogies, and speeches, reflecting the same brilliant style and informed thinking that he brought to his towering fiction and to a deeply committed public life. Including many newly collected and never-before-published items, this compendium ranges from the original mission statement of The Paris Review, which Styron helped found in 1953, to a 2001 tribute to his friend Philip Roth--creating an essential overview of arts and letters during the post–World War II years. In these pages, Styron writes vividly of childhood days in Tidewater Virginia spent going to movies, not reading books. (“It does not mean the death of literacy or creativity if one is drenched in popular culture at an early age.”) He recalls being among the group of soldiers who would have been sent to invade Japan and were saved by Truman’s decision to drop the atomic bomb, which Styron feels was the right choice, “even though its absolute rightness can never be proved.” And he writes as few others have about midlife battles with clinical depression, “a pain that is all but indescribable, and therefore to everyone but the sufferer almost meaningless.” Here, too, are Styron’s personal encounters with world leaders, fellow authors, and friends, each of whom comes memorably to life. Styron recalls sharing contraband Cuban cigars with JFK (“a naughty memento, a conversation piece with a touch of scandal”), getting lost in the snow with Robert Penn Warren, and party-hopping with the young James Jones (an experience he likens to “keeping company with a Roman emperor”). The beginnings of his masterpieces The Confessions of Nat Turner and Sophie’s Choice are chronicled here, along with the controversy that greeted the former upon its 1967 publication. Throughout, Styron celebrates the men and women of his generation, whose lives were forged in the crucible of World War II. Whether he’s recounting a walk with his dog, musing on the Modern Library’s list of the hundred best English-language novels of the twentieth century, or contemplating America’s fraught racial legacy from his point of view as the grandson of a woman who owned slaves, William Styron writes always in urgent, finely calibrated prose. These fascinating pieces bring readers closer to this great writer and the world he observed, interacted with, and changed. Praise for My Generation “William Styron’s My Generation: Collected Nonfiction is both unsurpassably charming and unflinchingly honest, whether recounting the fallout from The Confessions of Nat Turner or reminiscing about the slave-owning grandmother who warned him never to forget he was a Southerner.”--Vogue “At its most accomplished, Styron’s non-fiction mixes a conscientious, richly traditional prose style with a strong current of fellow feeling, a certain awe at the human condition, which is what gives power to his best fiction. . . . Styron stood tall in his generation, and the best of him will stand up over time.”--USA Today “A must for every Styron fan’s library.”--BBC From the Hardcover edition.

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