OECD

  • This 15th edition of the Agricultural Outlook edition presents the outlook for commodity markets during the 2009 to 2018 period, and analyses world market trends for the main agricultural products, as well as biofuels. It provides an assessment of agricultural market prospects for production, consumption, trade, stocks and prices of the included commodities.

    This edition of the Outlook was prepared in a period of unprecedented financial market turmoil and rapidly deteriorating global economic prospects. Because macroeconomic conditions are changing so quickly, this report complements the standard baseline projections with an analysis of revised short-term GDP prospects and alternative GDP recovery paths. Lower GDP scenarios result in lower commodity prices, with reductions in crop and biofuel prices about one-half those for livestock products. A sensitivity analysis to highly uncertain crude oil prices shows the important links between energy and agricultural prices. The Outlook also reports on a survey of various actors in the agri-food chain in terms of the current impacts of the global economic crisis and credit market constraints.
    The issue of food security and the capacity of the agricultural sector to meet the rising demand for food remains very high on the international political agenda. This report provides a brief overview of critical factors such as land availability, productivity gains, water usage and climate change, and suggests that agricultural production could be significantly increased, provided there is sufficient investment in research, infrastructure and technological change, particularly in developing countries.

  • OECD's annual publication analysing recent developments in migration movements and policies in its countries. Each edition provides the latest statistical information on immigrant stocks and flows, immigrants in the labour market, and migration policies. This 2012 edition covers all OECD countries, as well as the Russian Federation, Bulgaria, Romania and Lithuania. Two special chapters complement the information on movements and policies: "Renewing the skills of ageing workforces: The role of migration" and "The Changing Role of Asia in International Migration". The publication also features country profiles and a statistical annex.

  • The Review of Corporate Governance in Israel was prepared as part of the process of Israel's accession to OECD Membership. The report describes the corporate governance setting including the structure and ownership concentration of listed companies and the structure and operation of the state-owned sector. The Review then examines the legal and regulatory framework and company practices to assess the degree to which the recommendations of the OECD Principles of Corporate Governance and the OECD Guidelines on Corporate Governance of State-Owned Enterprises have been implemented.

  • This Review of Corporate Governance in Slovenia describes the corporate governance setting including the structure and ownership concentration of listed companies and the structure and operation of the state-owned sector. The Review then examines the legal and regulatory framework and company practices to assess the degree to which the recommendations of the OECD Principles of Corporate Governance and the OECD Guidelines on Corporate Governance of State-Owned Enterprises have been implemented.

  • This report presents an overview of country initiatives concerning efficient, effective public services and open and innovative government. It focuses on four core issues: delivery of public services in times of fiscal consolidation; a more effective and performance-oriented public service; promotion of open and transparent government; and strategies for implementation of a reform agenda. These issues were discussed at the OECD Public Governance Ministerial Meeting held in Venice, Italy, in November 2010, hosted by the Italian Ministry for Public Administration and Innovation.

  • La communauté internationale n'est guère en mesure aujourd'hui d'éviter un génocide tel que celui qui s'est produit au Rwanda en 1994 en dépit de l'évolution notable des systèmes d'alerte précoce observée depuis quelques années. L'ouvrage Prévenir la violence, la guerre et l'effondrement des États s'appuie sur une étude des publications existantes consacrées aux systèmes d'alerte précoce et de réponse rapide ainsi que sur des éléments fournis par les organismes consultés. Il vise à évaluer l'intérêt et le rôle des systèmes d'alerte précoce pour la prévention des conflits violents et à recenser les systèmes les plus efficaces en la matière.

  • These OECD country reviews examine governance and public management issues from a comprehensive perspective, helping countries to identify how reforms can better reinforce each other in support of overall government objectives. They also examine reform strategies that have worked in other countries and provide advice as to which reforms can be appropriately adapted to a given country.
    Since the restoration of independence in 1991, Estonia has met the challenge of establishing a fully functional, stable, and modern state. This review looks at how, building on its significant accomplishments to date, the Estonian public administration can work together as a single government to improve and sustain service delivery to citizens and to meet new challenges on the horizon.

  • In recent years, the need to address social and environmental challenges has grown in urgency. Climate change, global health, food security and many other global challenges cross national borders and affect a wide range of actors. Yet, in most cases, single governments cannot provide effective solutions. Global challenges call for co-operation on a global scale to build capacity in science, technology and innovation (STI) at both national and international levels. How can international co-operation in STI be scaled up and its scope broadened? How do different modes of governance of international co-operation in STI function and which modes lead to effective and efficient collaboration?
    Based on case studies, this book presents lessons and good practices on a range of governance mechanisms used for international co-operation in STI to address global challenges. The studies cover organisations that address global challenges including agriculture, food security, health, energy and climate change as well as organisations that bring together various types of actors. It takes a first step towards understanding the complexity of governance of international STI collaboration and provides the basis for future research.

  • La fragilité des États a des conséquences négatives qui mettent en péril la vie de plus d'un milliard d'êtres humains. Si les États fragiles suscitent de plus en plus d'intérêt de la part de la communauté internationale depuis quelques années, ils sont encore à la traîne par rapport aux autres pays à faible revenu en termes de développement humain. La fragilité - et ses conséquences - peuvent déstabiliser des régions entières et avoir des répercussions à l'échelle mondiale. Relever les défis associés aux situations de fragilité exige une action internationale concertée pour soutenir des processus de renforcement de l'État étayés par de solides relations entre l'État et la société. Il est impératif de pouvoir compter sur des États qui fonctionnent pour faire reculer la pauvreté, maintenir la paix et atteindre les objectifs de développement convenus.
    La publication intitulée Soutenir le renforcement de l'État dans les situations de conflit et de fragilité : Document d'orientation présente les conceptions contemporaines du renforcement de l'État et des recommandations précises de bonne pratique. Elle reprend un cadre conceptuel internationalement accepté en matière de renforcement de l'État, nourri des réalités quotidiennes qui caractérisent les situations de fragilité ou de conflit. S'appuyant sur les bonnes pratiques déjà mises en oeuvre sur le terrain, ce document d'orientation définit comment les pays développés et en développement peuvent mieux accompagner les processus de renforcement de l'État et consolider les fondations sur lesquelles se construisent des États légitimes et compétents. Les recommandations contenues dans ce document d'orientation portent sur des aspects essentiels de l'engagement international, de l'élaboration des stratégies aux activités quotidiennes sur le terrain et dans les services centraux, en passant par la conception et la mise en oeuvre des programmes.

  • For the most part, the findings are clear: while many donors and partner country governments have made significant progress towards the targets that they set themselves for 2010, few of them have been met. Partner country authorities appear to have gone further in implementing their commitments under the Paris Declaration than donors, though efforts - and progress - also vary significantly across countries and donor organisations.
    As the international community takes stock of what has been achieved on the occasion of the Fourth High Level Forum on Aid Effectiveness in Busan, Korea (29 November to 1 December 2011), this report sets out evidence of progress and challenges in making aid more effective. This evidence should help forge a consensus beyond Busan that aid - and its effectiveness -represents only one element of a broader landscape of development finance and joint efforts to make aid more effective can and should inform a broader development effectiveness agenda.

  • Cet ouvrage analyse tout d'abord les conflits liés aux ressources, forme d'instabilité ancienne et récurrente dans la région. Les causes, les enjeux et les outils de réponse régionaux sont examinés à partir d'études de cas. Cette publication explore ensuite une dimension relativement récente de l'insécurité : les terrorismes. Elle rappelle les développements d'AQMI et de Boko Haram puis s'intéresse, dans un essai comparatif, aux mécanismes légaux qui encadrent la lutte contre le terrorisme. La congruence de ces insécurités et la violence des crises actuelles posent pour l'Afrique de l'Ouest et la communauté internationale un risque de déstabilisation sans précédent.
    Contenu

    Partie I. Sécurité autour des ressources
    Chapitre 1. Paramètres environnementaux et sécurité
    Chapitre 2. Conflits fonciers
    Chapitre 3. Tensions agro-pastorales
    Partie II. Terrorismes
    Chapitre 4. Analyse de la crise au nord du Mali
    Chapitre 5. Boko Haram : une nouvelle menace en Afrique de l'Ouest
    Chapitre 6. Des mécanismes antiterroristes à l'épreuve

  • This study first analyses an old and recurring form of instability in the region: conflict over resources. A series of case studies examines the causes of these conflicts with reference to the associated regional challenges and response tools. Secondly, the study addresses terrorism, a relatively new dimension of insecurity. It outlines the development of AQMI and Boko Haram and then focuses on a comparative analysis of legal mechanisms to fight against terrorism. The argument holds that the congruence of these insecurities and the current violent crises present an unprecedented risk of destabilisation for West Africa and the international community.

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